In 1948 the World Health Organization defined health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity1.
In November 1986, within the first International Conference of Health Promotion, the same organisation added that health is not the objective of living, but a resource for everyday life. Health is a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities2.
What is Physical Well-being?
A state of physical well-being is not just the absence of disease. It includes lifestyle behaviour choices to ensure health, avoid preventable diseases and conditions, and to live in a balanced state of body, mind and spirit3.
A person that is in a good state of physical well-being is a person whose body is working at full performance, does not have any disease and practices healthy habits to prevent the appearance of diseases.
Some of the areas to be addressed to reach a state of complete physical well-being are nutrition (through a balanced diet), physical activity (being active daily), medical self-care (with immediate access to essential items like bandages or medicaments but also to primary care and emergency treatment as per needed), rest and sleep (through time-to-time relaxation and high-quality sleep) and alcohol and drugs (by avoiding its' consumption).
What is Mental Well-being?
According to the World Health Organization, is a state in which every individual realises his or her potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and can make a contribution to her or his community4.
A person that is in a state of complete mental well-being is a person who is not just free of depression, anxiety or any other disorder, but that enjoys life, recovers after painful experiences, adapts to adversity and feels safe and secure.
Having a positive approach towards life and learning to manage stress are some of the actions that positively rebound on our mental well-being.
What is Social Well-being?
Social well-being refers to the extent to which you feel to be part of a community.
A person that is socially connected is a person supported by society.
Social interaction can have a very positive impact on our mental well-being. It all begins at home with our families. It continues with the interactions with other children and teachers at school. And it extends through social activities and the development of our professional careers.
The Smart Home Need Framework.
Smart Home Need has elaborated a visual framework to support individuals of all over the world better understand what health is, why health is essential, and how health can be improved.
We interpret health as a triangle composed of a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being. We understand that health does not refer just to the absence of disease, but also to the capacity of recovering from an illness and it is the primary resource that we use to enable a long and active life. An individual, to reach a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, must be able to satisfy his needs, and the way to do it is by intervening on the determinants of well-being.
The Smart Home Need Framework can be applied in several areas of our lives. We use it to guide our readers and subscribers towards the creation of a Meaningful Smart Home so that in turn, and considering the high amount of time that people spend at home, they can achieve full personal potential.
1 World Health Organization, Constitution. Accessed April 2019. <https://www.who.int/about/who-we-are/constitution>.
2 World Health Organization, The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Accessed April 2019. <https://www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/previous/ottawa/en/>.
3 American Association of Nurse Anesthetics, Physical Well-Being. Accessed April 2019. <https://www.aana.com/practice/health-and-wellness-peer-assistance/about-health-wellness/physical-well-being>.
4 World Health Organization. Mental health: a state of well-being. Accessed April 2019. <https://www.who.int/features/factfiles/mental_health/en/>.